Mount Kelud in Kediri Java Island located in Blitar City. it has an levation 1,731 m (5.679 ft), located between Kediri and Belitar Subdistrict. about 40 km, 45 Minutes from Kediri City. Kelud Volcano is one of the active volcano in Java Island with fresh air and charming scenery. Kelud Moutain consit of ecotourism, adventuring, and health purposes. Its contain of shady cool plantation, an area for rock climbing, jogging, cross country, and camping ground, a channel to the crater through the mountain, sulfur lake down the mountain volcanology information service and entertainment performances on weekends / holidays.
The historical places in mount Kelud :
- Ampera tunnel 110 m comes out at the Gajah Mungkur top was built in 1940 by Japanese; the function is to drain the lava.
- The cauldron of Mount Kelud that is believed by society can make peaceful and prosperity.
- The top of Sumbing, which was the characteristic of slope rocks structure with 90 % declining, used as medium for wall climbing.
- The observation posts of mount Kelud.
- The ritual ceremony of Larung Sesaji in cauldron of Mount Kelud is held every September.
Mount Kelud Eruption
Since the 15th century, Mount Kelut has claimed more than 15,000 lives. The volcanic eruption in 1586 claimed the lives of more than 10,000 inhabitants. A system to divert the lava flow has been made extensively in 1926 and still functioning until now after the eruption in 1919 claimed thousands of lives due to cold lava flood swept settlements population. In the 20th century, Kelud eruption recorded in 1901, 1919 (May 1), 1951, 1966 and 1990 In 2007 the mountain was again increased its activity. This pattern brings experts volcano on 15 years cycle for this eruption.
Mount Kelud eruption increased in late September 2007 and continued until November of the same year, marked by increasing water temperature of the crater lake, an increase in seismic tremor, and changes color from green crater lake becomes turbid white. Status alert of Kelud Volcano issued by the Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation since October 16, 2007 which implies the population within a radius of 10 km from Kelud mountain (approximately 135,000 people) who live on the mountain slopes to evacuate. However, the eruption did not occur.
Mount Kelut activity increased again since October 30, 2007 with a rapid increase in water temperature volcanic crater lake and shallow seismicity. On 3 November 2007 around 16.00 the lake water temperature exceeds 74 degrees Celsius, well above the normal symptoms of the eruption of 40 degrees Celsius, leading to faulty temperature gauge. Vibration amplitude seismic tremors with large (more than 35mm) lead inspectors have to evacuate, but again no eruption.
On February 10, 2014, Kelud raised its status to standby and then on February 13, at 21:15 PM announced the status of supreme danger, Caution (Level IV), so the radius of 10 km from Kelud summit to be emptied of humans. Only in less than two hours, at 22:50 was the first eruption of Mt Kelud and type of explosive (explosive). Type of explosive eruptions such as in 1990 (in 2007 the type effusive, in the form of magma flow) causing torrential rain enough gravel felt residents in the District of Ngancar, Kediri, East Java, the location of the famous active volcano is located, even to city Pare, Kediri. The District of Wates to be a place of refuge purposes residents living within a radius of up to 10 kilometers from the lava dome, as recommended by the Center for Volcanology, Mitigation, and Geological Hazard (PVMBG). The sound of explosions were reported heard at the city of Solo and Yogyakarta (within 200 miles from the eruption center), even Purbalingga (approximately 300 miles), Central Java.
Interested volcanos for trekking tour in East Java Island :
- Mount Bromo National Park
Mount Bromo is the most visited tourism object in Java Island located in the middle of Probolinggo, Pasuruan, Lumajang and Malang City. It is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. At 2,329 metres (7,641 ft), If you interested to enjoy Mount Bromo Tour, You can start from Surabaya, Malang and Banyuwangi Ketapang Harbor.
- Mount Semeru Summit
If you prefer like to enjoy Volcano Trekking Tour, Semeru Trekking is the most suggested for trekkers. This mount is known as the highest volcano in Java Island, Indonesia. Its elevation at 3,676 meters high and still included in Bromo Semeru National Park.
- Blue Flame Ijen Crater
Ijen Crater located in the middle between of Banyuwangi and Bondowoso district. It is known as sulfuric volcano due to produced huge sulfur from the crater dome, It has 2,369 meters high. the nearest way to enjoy Ijen Crater tour is from Banyuwangi.