Mount Ijen has a wanderful Crater named “Blue Flame Crater”. Ijen Crater located in Banyuwangi regency of East Java province, Indonesia. Ijen Crater is closed to Mount Merapi at 2800 metres and Mount Raung at 3,332 metres. it’s location in the middle of Bondowoso and Banyuwangi regency, about 32 km to the north west of Banyuwangi regency. Ijen Crater Banyuwangi has 2,368 meters high above sea level and the crater lake has 200 me-ters deep that contains about 36million cubic meters of acid steam water.
Blue Flame on Ijen Crater Java Island also called Blue Fire Ijen Crater, it is seem like the gas stove fire. it is a natural process of Crater in Mount Ijen that occurred all nights begin at 18:00 PM and finish at 05:00 AM. The flame appears all night, to enjoy Blue Flame, need a equipments such as Flashlight, Trekking Shoes, and gass mask. variors visitors go to this Blue Flame, some of them enjoy the view and some of them visit the blue flame only to know about the Blue Flame process, such as John Pallister, a USGS geologist who has studied the volcano. He said that to speed up the formation of the mineral, a mining company installed ceramic pipes on an active vent near the edge of the lake, the pipes route the sulfur gases down the vent’s sloping mound. When the gases cool, they condense into liquid sulfur, which then flows or drips from the pipes and solidifies into hard sulfur mats. after the solid sulfur cools, the miners break it up and haul it off the mountain on their backs.
The Activity of Sulfur Miners in Ijen Crater
Mining a sulfur is the one way to earn money by sulfur miners. Sometime the miners spraying water from a small pump onto the pipes to promote cooling and condensation. Sulfur stalactites sometimes form from the liquid sulfur dripping from the pipes then collected and sold to tourists. Sulfur miners at Ijen Crater work at night under the eerie blue light to escape the heat of the sun and to earn extra income. The miners sell the sulfur for about 600 Indonesian rupiah per kilo (less than 25 U.S. cents per pound). They can carry loads of 176 to 220 pounds (80 to 100 kilos) once a day or twice if they work into the night.
Ijen Crater Tour from Surabaya, Malang, Banyuwangi
Mount Ijen, Banyuwangi is possible reached from all cities in Java Island. You can start Ijen Crater tour from Surabaya, Banyuwangi, Malang. The nearest way to reach this volcano is from Banyuwangi for 2 hours driving by private tour van or public transportation through Banyuwangi Ketapang Harbor to Licin Jambu village.
If your tour from Surabaya, You can drive to Probolinggo, Situbondo, Bondowoso then heading to Sempol. If you would to enjoy Blue Flame Crater Mount Ijen, You can choose to stay in the nearest hotel such as Catimor Hotel, Arabica Hotel, Ketapang Indah Hotel and Ijen View Hotel then start Ijen Crater trekking tour at Midnight time such Mt Bromo Midnigh tour. Trekking for Blue Flame Crater need a time for 1,5 hours from Paltuding (parking lot) then continue to bottom crater for 45 minutes with local guide service.